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What is a Diamond?

The dictionary defines a diamond as “a precious stone consisting of a clear and colorless crystalline form of pure carbon, the hardest naturally occurring substance.” Diamonds were formed billions of years ago through a combination of tremendous pressure and high temperatures deep beneath the Earth’s surface. Volcanic activity brings diamonds closer to the surface, where they are mined.

Chemically speaking, diamonds are composed purely of carbon. The carbon atoms in diamonds are organized as a rigid lattice, allowing less possibility of contamination and awarding it the title of the hardest known natural material. Because of this, diamonds can only be cut with diamonds, and natural diamonds have to be cut to appear as they do in jewelry. This means that the tools they used to cut diamonds are usually diamond bladed on the edges or have an edge of diamond dust.

Can you have a diamond that is not cut? Yes. Raw’ or ‘rough’ diamonds are simply diamonds that have not been cut or polished into the kind of glittering stones you are used to seeing. Because they have not been cut or polished, they are more opaque than traditional cut diamonds. Yes, they may not be super sparkly, but they do offer that “back-to-the-basics” all natural ethereal look- which is right on trend for alternative style bridal jewelry.


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